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California Marks 1 Year Of Recreational Marijuana: How Much Cannabis Was Sold?

At the end of the first quarter of 2018, we spoke with GreenWave Advisors’ Matt Karnes, who said California cannabis sales could hit $2.5 billion in 2018, mostly in line with estimates out of BDS Analytics and Arcview Market Research.

Now that a year has passed since recreational marijuana sales commenced in the largest legal marijuana market in the world, we’ve decided to look back at the figures and how they compare with the estimates.

The Figures

Total 2018 recreational sales in California were about $1.2 billion, according to the state, which recently reported its fourth-quarter recreational cannabis sales tax collections.

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Implied revenues for recreational cannabis sales were down 5 percent sequentially, to $339 million.

Medical marijuana sales were excluded from these numbers, as they are not subject to sales tax.

Assuming that roughly 40 percent of total sales are medical — based upon GreenWave Advisors’ channel checks — total California marijuana revenue was approximately $2 billion in 2018.

“As the state works through its ‘growing pains’ with respect to licensing procedures and as final regulations are implemented, we expect an acceleration in revenue growth for 2019 and beyond to reach its full potential of $6.5 billion by 2022,” Karnes told Benzinga.

“This estimate is lower than our original forecast of $2.5 billion,” Karnes said, addding that the illicit market continues to thrive, putting pressure on legal cannabis sales and prices.

The Golden State had about 650 licensed retail locations in the fourth quarter, a notable improvement from approximately 450 in the third quarter. The overall market remains underpenetrated, Karnes said.

To put the numbers in perspective: Colorado had approximately 540 retail licenses with a population of 5.6 million.

Rufus Casey, CEO of the third-party seed-to-sale tracking and compliance software company GrowFlow, said that while the California recreational cannabis program has officially started, “we are not seeing the implications of it from a revenue standpoint.”

Highly regulated recreational cannabis tracking and compliance is still in a phase of licensee education, Casey said.

“With the implementation of the state Track-and-Trace program, we are confident that the state will be successful in preventing diversion and collecting the taxes that they had hoped to see this year.”

A Detailed Look

Another company that shared its data exclusively with Benzinga is Jane Technologies, an online marketplace operator.

After computing data for the state and for three individual regions — Northern California, Southern California – Los Angeles and Southern California — the company came up with the relative volume of online sales for various cannabis products, the frequency at which customers purchased and how much they spent.

While many factors contributed to regional differences, from local regulations to the availability of products on the black market, the transactions on the e-commerce platform reveal some notable trends.

A few findings:

  • Southern Californians were bigger cannabis consumers this year than their northern counterparts: they purchased products more frequently and, in each transaction, bought more products and spent more money.
  • Flowers were the bestselling cannabis category across the state, making up for 44 percent of all sales this year. Edibles, however, were notably more popular in Southern California, where they made up for 19 percent of all sales (in the San Diego region) compared to just 9 percent in Northern California.
  • Among lineages, hybrids took the top spot across the state, accounting for the majority of sales (54 percent).

The tables below summarize the year for Jane’s California business:

  NorCal SoCal – LA SoCal – San Diego CA Total
Flower 47% 40% 35% 44%
Cartridges 23% 17% 21% 23%
Extracts 14% 18% 10% 13%
Edibles 9% 13% 19% 11%
PreRolls 5% 6% 7% 5%
Tinctures 1% 4% 6% 2%
Topicals 1% 2% 2% 1%

Jane California’s 2018 online sales, cannabis lineages:

  NorCal SoCal – LA SoCal – San Diego CA Total
Hybrid 54% 55% 50% 54%
Indica 21% 18% 18% 20%
Sativa 19% 15% 19% 19%
CBD 5% 11% 14% 7%

Jane California 2018 online sales, frequency and size of purchases:

  NorCal SoCal – LA SoCal – San Diego CA Total
Days Btwn Purchases 10 5 6 9
Average Basket Size $85 $113 $133 $92
Prods per Cart 2.28 2.93 2.99 2.40

How Do Regulations And Taxes Come Into Play? 

A commonly cited argument in favor of legalization is the tax revenue opportunity from the legal cannabis market. Given the popularity of legalization and the high demand for cannabis, sales of legal weed could result in a significant inflow to the state’s coffers.

To Read The Rest Of This Article By Javier Hasse on Benzinga

Published: March 07, 2019

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